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Usenet Newsgroups Terms Defined

 
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We have selected some of the more important terms related to Usenet newsgroups and provided the best real-world definition we could find for each related term for news servers or newsgroups and usenet access providers.

Term Definition
 
Attachment An attachment is a binary file inside a newsgroup post. To attach is the action of placing a file there.
 
ATTN Usenet abbreviation for 'attention'. It means that you seek the attention of one or several newsgroups.
 
AUP Acceptable Usage Policy or Acceptable User Policy, same as TOS or Terms Of Service
 
Auto-cancel bot A bot that automatically cancels (kills/deletes) messages on Usenet newsgroups that violate certain rules and that way stop their distribution.
 
Base64 Base64 is a base-64 MIME content transfer encoding that uses the characters A–Z, a–z, and 0–9 in that order for the first 62 digits. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base64
 
BCC Blind carbon copy, abbreviated BCC, and sometimes referred to as Blind Courtesy Copy refers to the practice of sending a newsgroup message to multiple recipients in such a way that what they receive does not contain the complete list of recipients. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blind_carbon_copy
 
BI An index used for measuring spam in Usenet newsgroups. A value higher than 20 is seen as unacceptable behavior and those articles may be deleted without agreement of their author. Because non-binary newsgroups are for discussion only, Binary posting in non-binary Newsgroups are always treated as if their BI is higher than 20.nsfer encoding that uses the characters A–Z, a–z, and 0–9 in that order for the first 62 digits. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base64
 
BIG-8 BIG-8 hierarchies are the 8 traditional top hierarchies of the Usenet. See the following page for more information: Usenet Newsgroups BIG-8
 
Binary Groups Newsgroups created for posting binary files and not for discussions.
 
Binary-Post BIG-8 hierarchies are the 8 traditional top hierarchies of the Usenet. See the following page for more information: Usenet Newsgroups BIG-8
 
Body The 'meat' of your message. This part of your post would contain all the text or information you wish to post to the Usenet newsgroup.
 
bot A bot is a software application that runs automated tasks over the Internet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_bot
 
Cancel Message A control message that requests for a Usenet newsgroup server to delete a certain article. Only the administrator of the service or the author of the message is allowed to request a cancel-message.
 
CC Sending a copy of your newsgroup post to a person(s) via email.
 
Completion Rate How much of a Usenet newsgroup message is retained.
 
Cross-Posting Posting a message to more than one newsgroup. Because the message is only posted once, it takes up less space on the server. This should only be practiced when the material is relevant and of interest to the readers of multiple newsgroups.
 
CC When two usenet news servers decide to discontinue the exchange of usenet articles.
 
Depeering Sending a copy of your newsgroup post to a person(s) via email.
 
 
Extreme Cross Posting Extreme Cross Posting (ECP) is the act of posting a single message to many (more than three) newsgroups at once. This is a violation of most Usenet provider's TOS.
 
Extreme Multi Posting Extreme Multi Posting (EMP) is the act of posting the same message many times to one or more usenet newsgroups. This is a violation of most Usenet provider's TOS.
 
Feed See Peer
 
Flaming Flaming is the hostile interaction between multiple Usenet users.
 
Flood To flood is to post a massive amount of posts to a single usenet newsgroup in a short period of time. This is typically against the TOS of most Usenet access providers. It is important to note that when posts are so large they must be broken up into multiple posts (usually a binary post), it is not against the TOS as long as the posts are on topic and add value to the usenet newsgroup.
 
Header The header is the article information for your post. The header usually contains the author's name, email address, when the article was posted, the path the post took to get to your usenet server, he reply-to address, and any other relevant information about the post. See the following link for more information about header lines: http://192.168.10.1:9002/ article_headers.php
 
ISP Internet Service Provider. This is the company you purchase your internet connection from.
 
Killfile A set of filters setup to determine which user's posts will be read/downloaded or ignored.
 
Lurker A person who reads/browses usenet newsgroups but does not actively post.
 
Moderated Group All articles posted to this group will first be sent to a moderator that will only let the message pass to the Newsgroup if it doesn't violate the newsgroup charter.
 
Multipart Post A post that is so large it must be split into multiple smaller messages. All parts of the message must be downloaded and reconstructed into one complete message in order to be read.
 
Netiquette A set of 'rules' for using the Usenet set forth in IETF RFC 1855
 
Newsgroup A collection of messages or a directory on a Usenet server. The Newsgroup is usually named according to the topic of the discussions within.
 
NG Abbreviation for Newsgroup
 
Newsgroup Retention The amount of time that messages on Usenet newsgroups remain on news servers
 
News Servers (Newsservers) News Servers are computers designated to store information on usenet newsgroups making usenet access possible.
 
Off-Topic Posting something to a newsgroup that does not fit the accepted topic of the group or that belongs in another group altogether.
 
On-Topic Posts to a uesnet newsgroup that are according to its topic.
 
Peer Exchanging articles with other Usenet news servers. This is how Usenet servers spread articles from server to server. The more peers a Usenet server has, the greater chance the usenet newsgroups within will contain an article posted to that newsgroup.
 
PLONK When you reply to a message with the word PLONK, it means you have placed this person in your killfile and will be ignoring their future posts.
 
Post A message on the Usenet.
 
Poster The author of a message on the Usenet
 
Re: If you see this in the subject it means that this is a reply to another post that was posted before with the same subject line.
 
Reg A "regular" or a person who regularly takes part in discussions within a specific newsgroup.
 
Repost You post something again, because some people missed it or because it was posted long ago and already is gone on nearly every server. You should avoid reposts as they cause very short retention times on many Usenet news servers!
 
REQ Abbreviation for request. Usually used when a poster desires help.
 
RFC "Request for Comment", a document describing a certain Internet standard, usually followed by a number, like RFC 1026 for example.
 
Sig The "signature" that some posters place at the end of their posts.
 
Spam Unsolicited commercial advertising. Spamming is against the TOS of almost every Usenet Access Provider.
 
Spew Repeatedly posting the same message over and over again. Usually the poster makes minor changes to the post to prevent bots from canceling the messages.
 
SSL Encyptped Connections Method for ensuring privacy while browsing Usenet newsgroups.
 
Thread A message and the replies to it for a discussion thread. All messages that are not replies to other messages are new threads.
 
TOS Terms of Service
 
Troll An undesirable visitor to a usent newsgroup. This person is usually combative and abusive of many of the accepted Usenet practices.
 
UAP Acronym for Usenet Access Provider.
 
Usenet The virtual network that is used for exchanging messages between all the news servers all around the world.
 
Xpost Cross Posting
 

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